achievement motivation

Defined as the need to perform well or the striving for success, and evidenced by persistence and effort in the face of difficulties, achievement motivation is regarded as a central human motivation. Psychologist David McClelland (The Achieving Society, 1961) measured it by analysing respondents' narratives; rather more controversially he hypothesized that it was related to economic growth. Lack of achievement motivation was, for a period during the 1950s and 1960s, a fashionable explanation for lack of economic development in the Third World-notably among certain American modernization theorists. This thesis was much criticized by dependency theorists such as Andre Gunder Frank (Latin America: Underdevelopment or Revolution 1969). See also work ethic.

Dictionary of sociology. 2013.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • achievement motivation — UK US noun [U] WORKPLACE ► the idea that because people like to achieve success, they want to continuously become more successful. This idea is used by managers who want their employees to perform as well as possible: »The role played by… …   Financial and business terms

  • achievement motivation — sėkmės motyvacija statusas T sritis Kūno kultūra ir sportas apibrėžtis Žmogaus poreikis patirti sėkmę įvairioje veikloje, ypač lenktyniaujant. Sėkmės motyvacija kyla iš afektinio pobūdžio asociacijų, siejančių žmogaus išgyvenimus su jo elgesiu.… …   Sporto terminų žodynas

  • achievement motivation — siekimų motyvacija statusas T sritis Kūno kultūra ir sportas apibrėžtis Motyvų visuma, nuteikianti sportininką siekti kovos, varžytis arba jos vengti. Tai pagrindinė varomoji jėga siekiant užsibrėžtų tikslų. Siekimų motyvacija yra susijusi su… …   Sporto terminų žodynas

  • achievement motivation theory — A theory that establishes a relationship between personal characteristics, social background, and achievement. A person with a strong need for achievement tends to exhibit such characteristics as: • regarding the task as more important than any… …   Big dictionary of business and management

  • motivation — motivational, adj. motivative, adj. /moh teuh vay sheuhn/, n. 1. the act or an instance of motivating. 2. the state or condition of being motivated. 3. something that motivates; inducement; incentive. [1870 75; MOTIVE + ATION] * * * Factors… …   Universalium

  • Motivation — For other uses, see Motivation (disambiguation). Timeline of theorists about student motivation Motivation is the driving force by which humans achieve their goals. Motivation is said to be intrinsic or extrinsic …   Wikipedia

  • Motivation — Der Begriff Motivation bezeichnet das auf emotionaler bzw. neuronaler Aktivität (Aktivierung) beruhende Streben nach Zielen oder wünschenswerten Zielobjekten und ist somit eine Art Triebkraft für Verhalten.[1] Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Geschichte 2… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Achievement gap in the United States — An achievement gap refers to the observed disparity on a number of educational measures between the performance of groups of students, especially groups defined by gender, race/ethnicity, ability, and socioeconomic status. The achievement gap can …   Wikipedia

  • motivation — The mental processes that arouse, sustain, and direct human behaviour. Motivation may stem from processes taking place within an individual (intrinsic motivation) or from the impact of factors acting on the individual from outside (extrinsic… …   Big dictionary of business and management

  • achievement — The successful accomplishment of, or performance in, a socially defined task or goal. Talcott Parsons (in Social Theory and Modern Society, 1967) suggests that modern societies use indices of achievement examination credentials or performance in… …   Dictionary of sociology

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.